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Add State and Local Incentives to the 30% Federal Tax Credit
Learn about solar incentives and solar rebates. Find out what is available to you through federal, state and local programs, as well as local utilities.
State and Local Solar Panel Rebates
Combining the Federal tax credit with state incentives you qualify for may significantly reduce the cost of your solar PV system.

Read more good news about these programs and important tips on qualifying below.
Federal Solar Tax Credit
30% of the cost of your Solar Electric System and installation can be deducted from your federal tax bill.

Read more about this credit and what qualifies.





Solar Incentives by State… Click on your state to see what is available.    
Solar States


— You may be able to afford a larger solar PV system than you originally thought!
— You may be able to add the battery backup system you were planning to buy in a year or two



The Good News About Solar System Incentives, Qualifications and Tips
Some solar incentive programs pay you back over time, based on the energy you generate. Other solar incentives are one-time payments of rebates or credits. Incentive requirements and definitions may vary between states.

Incentive types can be specifically for residential, schools, business, or industrial; or inclusive of all of them. Solar incentives are mainly for grid tied systems and are sometimes available for off grid systems.

The incentives may be only for solar photovoltaic (electric), for electricity generated by wind, or for solar thermal (hot water generation). Other types of incentives may incorporate multiple solar technologies.

Programs with yearly or periodic application dates have credits or rebate rates that may be stepped down over time.

To qualify for incentives, your solar system may have to be installed by a licensed Photovoltaic System Installer, and/or connected to the grid by a licensed Electrician. This may be particularly true for Grid-Tie (Grid-Intertied) systems.
Plan ahead and act quickly. Many incentive programs are time sensitive. First-come-first-served programs, such as lotteries, can be spoken for in minutes after the opening of their application date.

Be careful including incentives in your PV system's budget due to requirements and possible deadlines to meet before qualifying.

Always consult a tax professional in regards to your eligibility for tax incentives.





Solar Incentive Glossary
Battery Backup Systems
Battery backup systems can store electricity from the grid or a fuel-powered generator to provide emergency power when the grid goes down. It can also store energy created PV system to power appliances and lights at night after the sun goes down.

Feed in Tariffs,
a Performance Based Incentive, or PBI

(Available for Grid Tied Systems.)
Feed-in Tariffs are typically long term contracts with your local utility for performance-based compensation.

The contracts are typically a 15-25 year purchase agreement at a guaranteed rate. The rate may decrease over time as specified in the agreement. Feed-in Tariffs may ultimately pay for your PV system or even exceed your initial investment depending on the specifics in the contract.

Originally started in Germany in 1990 and restructured in 2000 to include the right to interconnect to the utility grid. It was designed as an incentive to promote cost-effective renewable energy use and advancements in technologies. Due to its success, the current German policy is the cornerstone for the creation of many feed-in tariff programs around the globe.

Green Building Programs
(May be available for Off-grid and/or Grid-tied Systems.)
Green Building Programs are generally for new construction and remodeling, or just adding a solar electric system. The most common incentives are reductions or waivers of building permit fees. Some state or local organizations offer coupons that reduce construction and/or installation costs to homeowners. The home or business owner usually gives the coupon to their program-authorized installer/contractor. Once the system is installed the installer/contractor can be reimbursed for the amount of the coupon by the program's organization.

Grid-Tied PV Systems
Grid tied systems are inter-connected to send energy back to the grid when your solar electric system creates more than you're using; and you can receive energy from the grid when you're using more electricity than your system is generating at the moment. Learn more about grid-tied solar systems.

Loans
(May be available for Off-grid and/or Grid-tied Systems.)
State or local governments may offer low or zero interest loans for renewable energy projects. Terms are typically 10 years or less. If you are going to purchase or remodel a home that you are going to add a solar system to you may also want to see the Energy Star website for information on Energy Improvement Mortgages (EIMs).

Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing may be offered by states that have been authorized to participate in this program. The amount of the loan is determined by a special assessment of your property and is typically repaid over a period of years.

Check with your local banks and credit unions as they may offer renewable energy loans for less than the prime rate. Also consider that mortgage loans and home equity loans can offer several advantages: longer terms, lower interest rates than conventional bank loans, and tax-deductible interest.
Net Metering
(Available for Grid Tied Systems.)
As of January 2012, only four states do not have net metering policies ‐ South Dakota, Mississippi, Alabama and Tennessee. These programs are for utility customers who generate their own electricity and feed excess energy back into the grid. Net-metered customers may use grid energy when their electrical demand exceeds their solar electric system's output. Solar electric credit rates are applied to the customer's total electric use and are shown on the utility bills.

The credit rates and rules vary from state to state. Unused solar electric system credits may expire in a specified time period or they may be carried over from year to year. The credits may only be applied to the utility bill or you may be allowed to get a refund check at the end of a designated period, usually the end of the year.

Off-Grid PV Systems
Off grid systems do not feed energy back to the grid. You may be completely independent from the grid or you may be receiving grid electricity to supplement your system (Grid-Assisted). Learn more about off-grid solar systems.

Solar PV System (Photovoltaics)
A solar PV system uses photovoltaic panels (or modules) to create electricity. This powers appliances, lights, and other electric equipment.

Solar Thermal System
A solar thermal system uses panels (or modules) to heat water. The hot water is typically used instead of a water heater for everyday water use, or in a radiant heating system to warm the air.

State and Local Tax Incentives
(May be available for Off-grid and/or Grid-tied Systems.)
  • Personal tax incentives include income tax credits (dollar-for-dollar reduction on what you owe) and income tax deductions (reduces your taxable income).
  • Property tax exemptions, exclusions and credit incentives generally exclude the added value of the system from your yearly property tax. Abatements may reduce a percentage of your yearly property tax over time.
  • State sales tax incentives can be an exemption from or a credit towards the applicable sales tax.
Utility Rate Discounts & Rebates
(Available for Grid Tied Systems.)
Some utilities and state or local programs may offer temporarily reduced rates on utility bills, or one time rebates on the installation of solar systems and purchases of energy efficient appliances and/or HVAC systems.


Updated: 12/03/2016
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Connecticut Solar Incentives
Updated: 12/03/2016
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INCENTIVE NAME: Connecticut Clean Energy Fund
CATEGORY: Regulatory Policy
TYPE: Public Benefits Fund
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT03R
DETAILS:
Types - Renewables
Total Fund - Approximately $20 million annually (in 2010 $4.67 M came from ARRA). Total Funding 2000-2010: $151 M.
Charge - $0.001 per kilowatt-hour for Connecticut Light and Power (CL&P) and United Illuminating (UI) customers
WEBSITE: http://www.ctcleanenergy.com
LAST UPDATE: 01/08/2015

INCENTIVE NAME: Renewables Portfolio Standard
CATEGORY: Regulatory Policy
TYPE: Renewables Portfolio Standard
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
SOURCE: Combined Public Benefits Charge, Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI)
CODE: CT04R
DETAILS:
Standard - 27% by 2020
Technology Minimum - Class I: 20% by 2020
Class I or Class II: 3% by 2010
Class III: 4% by 2010
Compliance Multipliers - Not applicable
REC Lifetime - REC: 2 years
ZREC: 2 years
SHREC: 2 years

Credit Trading/Tracking System - Yes (NEPOOL-GIS)
Alternative Compliance Payment - 3 month grace period after which ACP of Class I and II: $55 per MWh, Class III: $31 per MWh
WEBSITE: http://www.ct.gov/dpuc/cwp/view.asp?a=3354&q=415186
LAST UPDATE: 06/17/2015

INCENTIVE NAME: Energy Conservation Loan
CATEGORY: Financial Incentive
TYPE: Loan Program
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
SOURCE: Connecticut Department of Housing (DOH)
CODE: CT05F
DETAILS:
Maximum Loan - Single family homes (1-4 family units): $25,000
Multi-family (5 or more units): $100,000
Loan Term - 0%, 1%, 3% or 6% depending on income, family size, location
Repayment term up to 10 years (subject to change)
WEBSITE: http://www.chif.org/page/energy-conservation-loan-program
LAST UPDATE: 12/15/2014

INCENTIVE NAME: Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems
CATEGORY: Financial Incentive
TYPE: Property Tax Incentive
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT07F
DETAILS:
Incentive Amount - 100% exemption for renewable energy property
LAST UPDATE: 12/12/2014

INCENTIVE NAME: Net Metering
CATEGORY: Regulatory Policy
TYPE: Net Metering
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT01R
DETAILS:
Applicable Utilities - Investor-owned utilities
System Capacity Limit - Standard net metering: 2 MW
Virtual net metering: 3 MW
Aggregate Capacity Limit - No limit specified
Net Excess Generation - Carried over as a kWh credit for one year; Reimbursed to customer at the avoided cost of wholesale power at the end of the year (March 31).
Ownership of Renewable Energy Credits - Customer owns RECs
Meter Aggregation - Yes (virtual net metering allowed for municipal, state, or agricultural customers)
WEBSITE: http://www.ct.gov/deep/cwp/view.asp?a=2715&q=558644&deepNav_GID=1626
LAST UPDATE: 10/13/2015

INCENTIVE NAME: Solar and Wind Contractor Licensing
CATEGORY: Regulatory Policy
TYPE: Solar/Wind Contractor Licensing
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT02R
WEBSITE: http://www.ct.gov/dcp/cwp/view.asp?a=1622&q=446508
LAST UPDATE: 04/14/2015

INCENTIVE NAME: Interconnection Standards
CATEGORY: Regulatory Policy
TYPE: Interconnection
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT06R
DETAILS:
Applicable Utilities - Investor-owned utilities
System Capacity Limit - 20 MW
Standard Agreement - Yes
Insurance Requirements - Vary by system size and/or type; levels established by PURA
External Disconnect Switch - Required
Net Metering Required - No
LAST UPDATE: 01/07/2015

INCENTIVE NAME: Green Power Purchase Plan
CATEGORY: Regulatory Policy
TYPE: Green Power Purchasing
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT07R
DETAILS:
Renewables % or Amount - Goal: 20% by 2010; 50% by 2020; 100% by 2050
LAST UPDATE: 12/17/2014

INCENTIVE NAME: Smart-E loans
CATEGORY: Financial Incentive
TYPE: Loan Program
SECTOR: Federal
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT37F
DETAILS:
Loan Term - Loan term vary between 5- 12 years; Fixed interest rate vary between 4.49%- 6.99%
Special Bundle Rates: 2.75% - 2.99% for 10 years

WEBSITE: http://www.energizect.com/residents/programs/smarte
UTILITIES: Connecticut Light & Power Co, United Illuminating Co,
LAST UPDATE: 01/05/2015

INCENTIVE NAME: CT Clean Energy Communities
CATEGORY: Regulatory Policy
TYPE: Green Power Purchasing
SECTOR: Local
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT10R
DETAILS:
Renewables % or Amount - 20% by 2018
WEBSITE: http://www.energizect.com/communities/programs/clean-energy-communities
LAST UPDATE: 12/13/2014

INCENTIVE NAME: Low-Interest Loans for Customer-Side Distributed Resources
CATEGORY: Financial Incentive
TYPE: Loan Program
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT40F
DETAILS:
Loan Term - Fixed interest rate, 1% below the customer's applicable rate not greater than prime rate (actual rate will be determined at time of application), buydown available for 10 years, terms of loan varies
WEBSITE: http://www.ct.gov/pura/cwp/view.asp?a=3356&Q=504090&puraNav_GID=1702
LAST UPDATE: 05/12/2015

INCENTIVE NAME: Energy Efficiency Requirements for State Government
CATEGORY: Regulatory Policy
TYPE: Energy Standards for Public Buildings
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT13R
LAST UPDATE: 04/14/2015

INCENTIVE NAME: Building Energy Code
CATEGORY: Regulatory Policy
TYPE: Building Energy Code
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT14R
DETAILS:
Residential Code - 2005 Connecticut State Building Code with 2013 Amendment; includes 2009 IECC
Commercial Code - 2005 Connecticut State Building Code with 2013 Amendments; includes 2009 IECC
Code Change Cycle - Not more than every four years. Most recent change effective February 14, 2014.
WEBSITE: http://www.ct.gov/dcs/cwp/view.asp?a=4447&q=521446&dcsNav=|
LAST UPDATE: 06/17/2015

INCENTIVE NAME: Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Solar and Geothermal Systems
CATEGORY: Financial Incentive
TYPE: Sales Tax Incentive
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT44F
DETAILS:
Incentive Amount - 100% exemption
LAST UPDATE: 12/12/2014

INCENTIVE NAME: Sales and Use Taxes for Items Used in Renewable Energy Industries
CATEGORY: Financial Incentive
TYPE: Industry Recruitment/Support
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT84F
DETAILS:
Incentive Amount - 100% sales tax exemption
LAST UPDATE: 12/12/2014

INCENTIVE NAME: Local Option - Residential Sustainable Energy Program
CATEGORY: Financial Incentive
TYPE: PACE Financing
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
SOURCE: Locally determined
CODE: CT90F
DETAILS:
Terms - Locally determined
LAST UPDATE: 12/12/2014

INCENTIVE NAME: Local Option - Building Permit Fee Waivers for Renewable Energy Projects
CATEGORY: Regulatory Policy
TYPE: Solar/Wind Permitting Standards
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT16R
LAST UPDATE: 06/17/2015

INCENTIVE NAME: Residential Solar Investment Program
CATEGORY: Financial Incentive
TYPE: Rebate Program
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
SOURCE: Clean Energy Finance and Investment Authority (CEFIA)
CODE: CT91F
DETAILS:
Incentive Amount - Customer-owned:
Up to 10 kW (depending on previous 12 month utility electricity consumption): $0.540/Watt
10kW-20kW(or greater than 12 month utility electricity consumption) : $0.40/Watt
Incentive are tiered, example below shows how the incentives are calculated.

Third-party-owned:
Up to 10 kW: $0.064/kWh for six years
10 kW- 20kW: $0.060/kWh

5% bonus for using components manufactured in CT, and additional bonus if they are manufactured in CT distressed municipality.

Systems installed in a Solarize Connecticut community will receive different incentives. See program website for more information.
Eligible System Size - Up to 20 kW
Installation Requirements - An energy assessment must be completed as step one, and must be installed by a CEFIA Approved Contractor
Ownership of Renewable Energy Credits - SHRECs: Owned by the CT Green Bank
BUDGET: $10,000,000
WEBSITE: http://www.energizect.com/residents/programs/residential-solar-investment-program
UTILITIES: Connecticut Light & Power Co, United Illuminating Co,
LAST UPDATE: 06/17/2015

INCENTIVE NAME: Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing
CATEGORY: Financial Incentive
TYPE: PACE Financing
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT98F
DETAILS:
Terms - Locally determined; 20-year payback term
WEBSITE: http://www.c-pace.com/
LAST UPDATE: 12/12/2014

INCENTIVE NAME: Local Option - Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems
CATEGORY: Financial Incentive
TYPE: Property Tax Incentive
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT102F
DETAILS:
Incentive Amount - Local Option
LAST UPDATE: 12/12/2014

INCENTIVE NAME: Clean Energy On-Bill Financing
CATEGORY: Financial Incentive
TYPE: Loan Program
SECTOR: State
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
CODE: CT103F
WEBSITE: http://www.ctcleanenergy.com/
LAST UPDATE: 12/13/2014

INCENTIVE NAME: The United Illuminating Company - Small ZREC Tariff
CATEGORY: Financial Incentive
TYPE: Solar Renewable Energy Credit Program
SECTOR: Utility
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
SOURCE: RPS surcharge
CODE: CT100F
DETAILS:
Incentive Amount - $84.04per ZREC (for Year 3 round of solicitation)
Maximum Incentive - Standard offer for Small ZRECs
Eligible System Size - 100 kW (AC) or smaller
Duration - 15-year standard contract
Equipment Requirements - Must be located behind the meter and have a dedicated ZREC meter
Installation Requirements - Project must be connected to the distribution system of UI,
BUDGET: $8 million (initial budget)
WEBSITE: http://www.uinet.com/wps/portal/uinet/about/doing%20business%20with%20ui/power%20procurement/!ut/p/a0/04_Sj9CPykssy0xPLMnMz0vMAfGjzOJ9_D3dfZ3NPR09wwJNDTxNPI0C_YOcDQ0MTPULsh0VAfenORs!/
UTILITIES: United Illuminating Co,
LAST UPDATE: 02/19/2015

INCENTIVE NAME: Connecticut Light & Power - Small ZREC Tariff
CATEGORY: Financial Incentive
TYPE: Solar Renewable Energy Credit Program
SECTOR: Utility
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
SOURCE: RPS surcharge
CODE: CT100F
DETAILS:
Incentive Amount - $80.97 per REC (for Year 3 round of solicitation)Tariff for Small ZREC determined through PURA
Eligible System Size - 100 kW AC or less
Duration - 15-year standard contract
Equipment Requirements - Must have been installed after July 1, 2011
Installation Requirements - Must be located behind the meter and have a dedicated ZREC meter
BUDGET: $2.6 Million (Small ZREC Budget for 2014)
WEBSITE: https://www.eversource.com/Content/ct-e/business/save-money-energy/renewable-energy-credits
UTILITIES: Connecticut Light & Power Co,
LAST UPDATE: 02/19/2015

INCENTIVE NAME: Connecticut Light & Power - ZREC and LREC Long Term Contracts
CATEGORY: Financial Incentive
TYPE: Solar Renewable Energy Credit Program
SECTOR: Utility
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
SOURCE: RPS
CODE: CT100F
DETAILS:
Incentive Amount - Price determined through competitive solicitation
Maximum Incentive - Maximum bidding price: 325.50 per ZREC; $200 per LREC
Eligible System Size - ZRECs: Projects larger than 100 kW and up to 1 MW in nameplate capacity
LRECs: Projects up to 2 MW in nameplate capacity
Duration - 15-year standard contract
BUDGET: Approximately $9.6 million per year ($3.2 million for LREC and $6.4 million for ZREC)
WEBSITE: http://www.cl-p.com/Home/SaveEnergy/GoingGreen/Renewable_Energy_Credits/
UTILITIES: Connecticut Light & Power Co,
LAST UPDATE: 02/23/2015

INCENTIVE NAME: The United Illuminating Company - ZREC and LREC Long Term Contracts
CATEGORY: Financial Incentive
TYPE: Solar Renewable Energy Credit Program
SECTOR: Utility
TECHNOLOGY: Solar Photovoltaics,
SOURCE: RPS
CODE: CT100F
DETAILS:
Incentive Amount - Prices determined through competitive solicitation
Maximum Incentive - Maximum Bid price for Year 3 (2014): $302.71 per ZREC; $200 per LREC
Eligible System Size - ZRECs: Projects larger than 100 kW and up to 1 MW in nameplate capacity
LRECs: Projects up to 2 MW in nameplate capacity
Duration - 15-year standard contract
Installation Requirements - Must have been installed after July 1, 2011
BUDGET: Approximately $9.6 million per year
WEBSITE: http://www.uinet.com/wps/portal/uinet/about/doing%20business%20with%20ui/power%20procurement/!ut/p/a0/04_Sj9CPykssy0xPLMnMz0vMAfGjzOJ9_D3dfZ3NPR09wwJNDTxNPI0C_YOcDQ0MTPULsh0VAfenORs!/
UTILITIES: United Illuminating Co,
LAST UPDATE: 02/23/2015